138 years ago today, one of the most influential modern poets in Japanese history, pen name Hakushu Kitahara, was born. The man published over 200 books of children’s stories and poetry in his life, as well as worked as editor for several literary magazines. There was no slow grind for Kitahara; his first two books launched him into literary limelight. The second of which, Jashumon took the poetry world by storm with its innovative structures. READ some of his poetry… (1885)
Every year in his home town of Yanagawa, a festival is held in November to honor the poet. Stages are set up along the canal, with criers reciting various Kitahara poems to passersby. The following poems are in the Waka, or Tanka form of Japanese poetry, which is made with a syllabic structure of 5-7-5-7-7
How sad is
The road man must take
The road to prison
The pebbled road down which
a police wagon creaks
I can hear so faintly
My mother and father
Dawn after a snowfall
I climb a hill
With a fish over my shoulder
The purple flowers
In the potato fields
Are now in full bloom
We are well into spring
And I have thought of peonies
For several days now
How many years have passed
Since my eyesight failed?
MORE Good News on this Date:
- City of São Paulo founded in Brazil (1554)
- The Wedding March by Mendelssohn was played at the marriage of Queen Victoria’s daughter and became a favorite recessional (1858)
- The United Mine Workers of America was founded in order to improve working conditions and wages for coal miners (1890)
- AT&T completed the first transcontinental telephone call in the US (1915)
- Pope John Paul II demanded the release of political prisoners during a historic visit to Cuba (1998)
On this day 264 years ago, Robert Burns, aka the “Ploughman Poet,” aka the “National Bard,” was born. Few outside Scotland, the UK or poetry classes will know the name by heart, but the man who Scottish television voted “The Greatest Scott,” over even the likes of William Wallace, lives on as poets often do: in their language. For example, who could mistake the lyrics to Burn’s poem and song Auld Lang Syne sung on the final day of the year? How many have read John Steinbeck’s classic Of Mice and Men or heard the phrase “the best laid plans of mice and men,” without knowing the Scotts words “Gang aft agley,” (often go awry) which first ended that phrase?
Burns grew up on a farm where he toiled daily and took a liking to the plants and animals of the rural environment, hence his “ploughman” moniker. His first collection of poems in the Scotts language, the Kilmarnock volume, was originally designed only to earn him some pocket money for his trip to Jamaica. Containing poems like Address to the Deil, Halloween, The Cotter’s Saturday Night, To a Mouse, Epitaph for James Smith, and To a Mountain Daisy, it was an instant hit, and garnered recognition from “a set of critics for whose applause I had not dared to hope,” Burns wrote.
The poems contained the narratives of a cultured and pensive farmer remarking on the land, for example in his famous To a Mouse, “I’m truly sorry man’s dominion, Has broken Nature’s social union.” Utterly Scottish, he would write Address to a Haggis, in which he describes the classic Scottish dish as “Great chieftain o’ the puddin-race!”
After some years in Edenborough he would return to farming, this time in Dumfriesshire, and write his narrative masterpiece Tam o’Shanter, which is a jolly and mischievous poem about a man coming drunk upon a haunted church filled with witches, warlocks, and the devil playing the bagpipes. Watching in wonder they eventually chase him down the road, where Tam escapes just barely with one demon pulling his horse’s tail off. The poem ends with a warning about going drinking. (1759)
Now, wha this tale o’ truth shall read,
Ilk man and mother’s son, take heed:
Whene’er to Drink you are inclin’d,
Or Cutty-sarks rin in your mind,
Think ye may buy the joys o’er dear;
Remember Tam o’ Shanter’s mare
Listen to To a Mouse recited by a Burns Historian.
And on this date in 1890, pioneering journalist Nellie Bly completed a record breaking trip around the world in 72 days, to prove that Jules Verne’s fictional journey (“Around the World in 80 Days”) could be achieved. She traveled the 24,899 miles, mostly alone, using steamships and trains, wearing only the dress on her back, a sturdy overcoat and carrying a small travel bag with toiletries and underwear.
While circumnavigating the globe for her newspaper, modern submarine cable networks and the electric telegraph allowed Bly to send short progress reports, although longer dispatches had to travel by regular post and thus, were delayed by several weeks. Nellie Bly, whose real name was Elizabeth Jane Cochrane, first became renown for her undercover investigation on insane asylum conditions, during which she pretended to be mad. Her expose led to a grand jury investigation and $850,000 in increased funds to care for the insane. Her career began when she was 16, after a misogynistic column, “What Girls Are Good For,” ran in the Pittsburgh Dispatch and prompted her to write a fiery anonymous rebuttal to the editor. He was so impressed with her passion that he ran an advertisement asking the author to identify herself. When Ms. Cochrane introduced herself to the editor, George Madden, he offered her the opportunity to write a piece for the newspaper. (Nellie wrote books about her experiences, and there are stories for children about her trip.)
Happy 41st Birthday to Alicia Keys, the American singer-songwriter and classically-trained pianist who was signed to a major record deal at age 15.
– Photo credits: 2013, by Eva Rinaldi and 2008, by Lukas – CC licenses
Growing up without a father in Hell’s Kitchen, New York City, Keys credits her mother’s tenacity and self-reliance for anchoring her on the right path, unlike many people she grew up with who ended up on the wrong path or in jail.
In total, she’s won 15 Grammys and sold over 50 million albums. During 2020, she released her seventh studio album, Alicia, and published a new book about personal transformation, entitled, More Myself: A Journey.
Keys is also acclaimed for her humanitarian work, is the co-founder of the nonprofit HIV/AIDS-fighting organization Keep a Child Alive, and raised money last year for COVID-19 relief. WATCH a sweet video from lockdown… (1981)
And, 62 years ago today, Bubble Wrap was invented. Although it failed in its original purpose as a textured wallpaper, it became a popular shipping insulation. Afterward, one of the inventors Alfred Fielding co-founded the Sealed Air Corporation and received a trademark on the name bubble wrap. The protruding air-filled bubbles, which can be popped, also became a fascination for children—and the young-at-heart. (1960)
Also, on this day in 1938, the great blues singer Etta James was born in Los Angeles. Her iconic 1960 hit “At Last”, often played at weddings, was among 9 US Top 40 hits that earned her multiple awards.
After that debut hit album, she faced a number of personal problems, including heroin addiction, severe physical abuse, and incarceration, before making a musical comeback in the late 1980s. In April 2009, at the age of 71, James made her final television appearance before succumbing to leukemia, performing At Last on Dancing with the Stars. WATCH her perform the song at her induction into the Rock Hall of Fame…
And, on this day in 1919, the Paris Peace Conference decided to create the League of Nations and proceeded to draft a Covenant that 44 states would sign five months later. Its primary goals, as stated in its Covenant, included “preventing wars through collective security and disarmament, and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration.”
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